LUKE 22:1-23


Life of Christ #52


This week we return to a place called “The Upper Room” to look in more detail concerning “The Last Supper”.  It was a family meal, but unfortunately, there was some strain caused by Judas Iscariot who that very night would betray the Lord Jesus.


THE SCANDAL – Vss. 1-6, 21-23


Vs. 1 – Most of you are familiar with the Passover.  Even today it is a holiday celebrated by our Jewish friends.


The Passover was a holiday celebrated in commemoration of God releasing the Jews from bondage in Egypt.  There had been ten plagues that had been sent upon Egypt.  In the last plague an “angel of death” was sent to visit the first born in families.  The only place death did not visit is where the Jews had killed a lamb and applied the blood to the doorposts of the house or tent.  Then the angel of death “passed over”.


Of course The Passover was also a picture of what the Lord Jesus would do for us.  As John the Baptist announced concerning Jesus in John 1:29 …Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.


1 Corinthians 5:7 - …For even Christ our passover is sacrificed for us:


Vs. 2 – At Passover time there could have been as many as 200,000 visitors in Jerusalem. The city was brimming with people! 


For some time the Jewish leaders wanted to kill Jesus.

Jesus was very popular. 

They could not find the right opportunity to kill Him.

If they were to arrest Jesus publicly, they feared that the people would turn on them and support Jesus.

There would be a riot on their hands.  


Vs. 3 – Then there was Judas.  Judas was well respected by the disciples. Judas was the group’s treasurer, although John tells us in his Gospel that Judas was a thief.  Judas had preached for Jesus as a disciple, and in all likelihood even worked miracles. But Judas was a phony! He wasn’t a true believer.


Judas was influenced by Satan to do his dastardly deed.


Vss. 4-6 – There was a high level secret meeting including Jesus, the high priests and the captains of the temple police, who would be involved in the arrest.  The plan was simple.

Judas would bring them to Jesus in a quiet time away from the crowds and Jesus would be arrested.


Judas would look for the right time for betrayal.

He would find the right time that was ultimately God’s time.

Jesus would not be betrayed and arrested a moment too early or too late to fulfill God’s plan.


Vss. 21-22 - It is important to note that Jesus was not fooled.  In fact, He treated Judas kindly, knowing that he would betray Him, and even giving Him opportunity to repent.


This was a sad time for Judas. 

It is sad for anyone who pretends to be a Christian, but in reality is in cahoots with the Devil!


The greatest scandal of all is that you would sit in this pew Sunday after Sunday and not be truly a child of God, but a traitor.  How many times do you have to hear the Gospel before you truly believe?   


THE SUPPER – Vss. 7-18


Vss. 7-8 – The Day in which the Passover Lamb was to be killed had come.  Jesus entrusted the meal preparations to two of His most trusted disciples, Peter and John.  This was an important event, and Jesus chose men he could trust to get the job done.


I am reminded that even when we don’t realize it, what seems to be a menial task is important to our Savior.  Those little insignificant things that He calls to us to do may actually have great significance to Him and His plans.


This reminds me that whatever I do, I am to do it well! Luke 16:10, Colossians 3:23


Vs. 9 – Here was a logical question.  Jerusalem was teeming with people planning to eat the Passover. Available room was at a premium.   


Vs. 10 – They were to go into Jerusalem where they would see a man caring a pitcher of water.  They were to follow him to the right place.


Why wasn’t Jesus more specific, giving a name and a street address?

I feel that He wasn’t more specific because Judas was looking for a good, quiet time to betray Jesus.  Jesus was not going to allow this betrayal to take place until after a last Passover with His disciples and the institution of the Lord’s Supper.


It was unusual for men to carry water jars.  They usually carried water in skins. The man would be obvious. He was to be followed.


Vss. 11-12 – Obviously the owner of the house knew the Master and was willing to share his large room on the top of the house for such an occasion. The room was furnished with the traditional couches that the men would recline on.


What would have been involved in getting the Passover meal ready?


All the food for the meal would have to be purchased, including unleavened bread, wine, bitter herbs etc.


A lamb would have to be secured, if it hadn’t been already.

Then, there would be a trip to the temple.  Remember there were thousands of lambs being offered at the Passover. Each lamb was to cover the feeding of about 10 people.


Vss. 13-14 – Peter and John completed their duties and the Passover was ready for eating when Jesus and the other disciples arrived.


Vs. 15 – Jesus showed his love and concern for the disciples. “With desire he desired” to eat the Passover with them. He was eager!


He wanted one more quiet time of intimate fellowship with His disciples before he suffered at the hands of the chief priests and Roman soldiers.  He wanted a time of intimacy to reassure, to teach, and to institute his own memorial, the Lord’s Supper.


This is again an indication as to how much Jesus loves His own.  When you are loved by Jesus you are loved with an everlasting love!


Vs. 16 – This was to be the last Passover Jesus would partake of until He does so in His Millennial Kingdom.


Vss. 17-18 – There were four courses of wine passed during a Passover.  There was prescribed course for what is called the Seder.


THE SACRAMENT – Vss. 19-20


There are churches that have seven “sacraments”.

We have just two, instituted by our Lord.

These things we practice because the Lord said to.

The first sacrament is believers’ baptism. Matthew 28:19-20


The Lord’s command was really quite simple.

To “teach all nations” means to “make disciples”.

A disciple is made when a person places their faith and trust in the Jesus Christ as their Savior.

The next step is to baptize the person who has become a disciple.

With all due respect it says nothing about baptizing babies in the Bible.

The last step in the process is the person who is baptized is to be taught.


If you are a believer you must be baptized after being saved!  It is your testimony of faith in Christ!  


The other sacrament is instituted in these verses.

It is called “The Lord’s Table” or “Holy Communion”.


Vs. 19 – The Bible is a Book that is to be taken literally, unless it is obvious that it is using a figure of speech.


Jesus took bread and gave thanks. This represents His broken body, and He was still able to give thanks.

He distributed the bread to the disciples.

He then said, “This is my body.”

It is obvious that Jesus was talking figuratively.

He does not mean that the bread is literally His Body.

It represents, it is a picture of, His body!


Just as He broke the bread His body was broken. Isaiah 52:14


When we take of the bread in remembrance of Him, we remember a body that was broken that had no broken bones. John 19:36


Vs. 20 - Next the Lord took the cup.

Just as the bread is not literally the body of Christ, the cup is not literally the blood of Christ.

It represents Jesus’ blood.

Forgiveness is found in Christ’s blood.

Atonement for sin is found in Christ’s blood.

Redemption is in the blood. Hebrews 9:13-14


The blood represents the New Testament, that is, the New Covenant or the new agreement in His blood.


The Old Testament, or covenant was instituted with the giving of the Ten Commandments, and other parts of the Old Testament law.

The Israelites promised to do obey God’s law’s completely.

The covenant or agreement was sealed in blood. Exodus 24:5-8


Of course, not Israel, or anyone else except the Lord Jesus has kept the covenant perfectly.  We’ve all broken God’s laws. We are all failures.


So, God the Son brought a new covenant, a New Testament, that is, a new agreement.  This agreement is also sealed in blood, the blood of His Son.

It is a covenant in which God forgives our sins through the blood of our Lord Jesus Christ!

This New Covenant is an agreement in which God does it all.


Not only does He forgive our sins through the blood of His Son, but He indwells us with His Spirit enabling us to live the Christian life. Ezekiel 36:26-27  


UNDER THE OLD COVENANT GOD SAID IN Exodus 19:5-6 - Now therefore, if ye will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto me above all people: for all the earth is mine: [6] And ye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.


UNDER THE NEW COVENANT GOD SAYS IN 1 Peter 2:9-10 - But ye are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people; that ye should shew forth the praises of him who hath called you out of darkness into his marvellous light: [10] Which in time past were not a people, but are now the people of God: which had not obtained mercy, but now have obtained mercy.


Next time you take of the Lord’s Table make sure that you remember The Upper Room: