LUKE 4

12 Outlines

 

Luke 4:1-13

JESUS CHALLENGED

 

HIS IDENTITY WAS CHALLENGED

Luke 4:3 - And the devil said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, command this stone that it be made bread.  

 

    HE CLUNG TO GOD’S WORD

    Luke 4:4 And Jesus answered him, saying, It is written, That man shall not live by bread alone,

    but by every word of God.

 

HIS L0YALTY WAS CHALLENGED

Luke 4:5-7 - And the devil, taking him up into an high mountain, shewed unto him all the kingdoms of the world in a moment of time. [6] And the devil said unto him, All this power will I give thee, and the glory of them: for that is delivered unto me; and to whomsoever I will I give it. [7] If thou therefore wilt worship me, all shall be thine.

   

     HE CLUNG TO GOD’S WORSHIP

     Luke 4:8 - And Jesus answered and said unto him, Get thee behind me, Satan: for it is written,

    Thou shalt worship the Lord thy God, and him only shalt thou serve.

  

HIS INTEGRITY WAS CHALLENGED

Luke 4:9-11 - And he brought him to Jerusalem, and set him on a pinnacle of the temple, and said unto him, If thou be the Son of God, cast thyself down from hence: [10] For it is written, He shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee: [11] And in their hands they shall bear thee up, lest at any time thou dash thy foot against a stone.

 

    HE CLUNG TO GOD’S WAY

    Luke 4:12 - And Jesus answering said unto him, It is said, Thou shalt not tempt the Lord thy

    God.

 

 

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Luke 4:1-13

LESSONS FROM THE TEMPTATION OF JESUS

 

ABIDE BY GOD'S WORD - Vss. 1-4

ADORE GOD ALONE - Vss. 5-8

ACCEPT GOD'S PLAN - Vss. 9-13

Don't tempt God through disobedience.

 

 

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Luke 4:1-13

TEMPTATION

 

According to 1 John 2:16 there are three types of temptations.  These three types of temptations will lead us to sin when we give in to them.  Our Lord Jesus had victory over all three types of temptation.

 

THE TEMPTATION OF PHYSICAL NEED - Vss. 1-4 - THE LUST OF THE FLESH

Jesus was hungry, but if he had turned rocks into bread he would have disobeyed God to meet His own needs.

 

THE TEMPTATION OF PRIORITIES - Vss. 5-8 - THE LUST OF THE EYES

Jesus knew he was headed towards death for our sins.  Satan showed Jesus the kingdoms of the world and offered him a kingdom without a cross.

 

THE TEMPTATION OF PRIDE - Vss. 9-13 - THE PRIDE OF LIFE

Pride expects God to do something that is not in His plan.

 

 

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Luke 4:1-13

LEARNING TO SAY "NO!"

 

Of course, we are all sinners.  Because of this, we do not live sinless lives.

However, the sinless Savior does teach us some lessons on how to say "No!" to temptation.

 

ENLIST THE SPIRIT'S  CONTROL Vs. 1

EXPECT SATAN'S TEMPTATION Vss. 3, 5-7, 9-11

EXCLAIM SCRIPTURE'S AUTHORITY Vss. 4, 8, 12, 13

 

 

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Luke 4:1-13

SATAN'S CHALLENGE

 

When Satan tempts us he is challenging God's authority in our lives.  He wants us to say "yes" to himself and "no" to God.  Jesus was tempted with three challenges in Luke 4:1-13 and in each case He established God's authority by referring to God's Word.

 

GOD'S PROVISION CHALLENGED - GOD'S PRIORITY ESTABLISHED - Vss. 1-4

Jesus had been baptized in Luke 3. He was commended by God and visited by the Holy Spirit. Luke 3:21-22. The Holy Spirit led Jesus to the wilderness where Satan tempted Him.

After 40 days without eating Satan challenged God's provision for food by tempting Jesus to take matters into his own hands and make bread out of stones. Jesus answered that man did not live by bread alone "but by every word of God." He established the fact that God's Word was more important than eating or anything else.

 

GOD'S PREEMINENCE CHALLENGED - GOD'S PRAISE ESTABLISHED - Vss. 5-8

Satan showed Jesus the kingdoms under his domains as the "prince of this world."

Satan offered Jesus a "kingdom without the cross".  Satan would give Jesus a kingdom without going to the cross if Jesus would bow down and worship Satan. In His answer Jesus established the fact that God alone should be praised.

 

GOD'S PLAN CHALLENGED - GOD'S PROMINENCE ESTABLISHED - Vss. 9-13

Satan challenged Jesus to do something that was not in God's plan for Jesus life. Satan even quoted Scripture to make his point. Jesus established the fact that God has prominence in our lives and we should not do anything foolish that would test that prominence.

 

 

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Luke 4:14-45

WHERE DO YOU LIVE?

 

Begin the Sermon by talking about towns in which you lived.  If the setting is informal, you might want to ask the congregations to share interesting places where they lived.

 

Sometimes we are born into a family that lives in a certain place.

 

Sometimes we move to a certain place because a job requires it or we are going to school there.

Sometimes we move to somewhere because we moving back with family.

Other times we move somewhere out of choice. People often retire to a place like Florida.

 

Two of the places that Jesus lived were two towns mentioned in our text.  One place was his hometown of Nazareth. We can assume that he lived there over 25 years.  The other place was the town of Capernaum.  Matthew 4:13

 

Now these two towns were different in a very important way.

NAZARETH WAS RESISTANT TO JESUS

CAPERNAUM WAS RESPONSIVE TO JESUS

 

And I want to suggest to you tonight that, figuratively speaking, you live in one of these two towns.  And I want to warn you that it is very possible to be a Christian, and at this point in your life be resistant to the Lord Jesus.

 

In Luke 3 there is the ministry of John the Baptist as the forerunner to Jesus and there is also the Baptism of the Lord Jesus. Luke tells us in Luke 3:21-22 - "Now when all the people were baptized, it came to pass, that Jesus also being baptized, and praying, the heaven was opened, And the Holy Ghost descended in a bodily shape like a dove upon him, and a voice came from heaven, which said, Thou art my beloved Son; in thee I am well pleased."

 

In Luke 4 we are told about the temptation of Jesus.

 

Luke 4:1-2 - "And Jesus being full of the Holy Ghost returned from Jordan, and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, Being forty days tempted of the devil. And in those days he did eat nothing: and when they were ended, he afterward hungered."

 

Of course Jesus successfully resisted the temptation by Satan and then began his ministry.

Luke 4:13-15 - Now we come to our text.  Jesus will visit two towns where he lived or had lived.  One was resistant to Jesus and the other was responsive to Jesus.  My question is where do you live Spiritually? Do you live in Nazareth, resistant to Jesus or in Capernaum, responsive to Jesus?

 

DO YOU LIVE IN NAZARETH? - Vss. 15-31

 

THEY WERE FAMILIAR - Vss. 15-22

Jesus gave a wonderful introduction of himself as Messiah through the presentation in the synagogue. Although the people admitted that they noted his gracious words, they could not get past the fact that he was someone that they knew. They thought that they knew Jesus well, but they didn't.

 

Today many have a similar problem.

They have heard about Jesus all their lives.

They have gone to church all their lives.

And yet they really don't know Him. Mention Jesus, and they'll say, "Oh, I know who He is."

But they don't act like they know Him and teaching about Him is just shut off. "Oh, I've heard that before!"

 

Christian we are in great danger when we get so familiar with Jesus that we take Him for granted or ignore Him. Don't let Jesus become so familiar to you that you ignore Him or take Him for granted.

In Nazareth they were familiar.

 

THEY WERE FAITHLESS - Vss. 23-24

Jesus knew what these people were thinking.

They were using a saying of that day, "Physician heal thyself."

They wanted to see Him perform some miracles as He had done in Capernaum. 

Jesus used another saying of the day on them. "No prophet is without honor except in his own country."

They had had the very Son of God living among them for years, and they gave Him no honor. Other places, including Capernaum, did!

Why did Jesus not work miracles in Nazareth?

 

Matthew 13:58 - "And he did not many mighty works there because of their unbelief."

 

Have you ever wondered why God doesn't do more around here?

Have you ever wondered why God doesn't do more in your life?

Could it be that we are just as unbelieving in some ways as the people of Nazareth.

 

THEY WERE FRUSTRATED Vss. 25-30

Vss. 25-27 - In these verses Jesus mentions two Gentiles who received miracles.  There were plenty of Jewish widows and leprous men, but God chose to heal these two.

 

Perhaps there are two things to consider here.  One would be the general state of unbelief of Israel in the days of Elijah and Elisha.

The people of Nazareth were showing the same unbelief. Therefore, there were no miracles.

 

The other thing to consider is that God is not obligated to act just because some one thinks that He should!

 

These People now took their unbelief to the outer limits.

They got angry, frustrated with Jesus. Why?

Because He told them the truth and they didn't want to hear it.

 

We can get that way sometimes.

We can angry or frustrated with people who tell us the truth about God or about our behavior, or lack of faith, and we don't want to hear it.

We can get angry or frustrated with God because He is confronting us with His truth and we don't want to hear it!

DO YOU LIVE IN NAZARETH?

 

OR DO YOU LIVE IN CAPERNAUM? - Vss. 31-41

DOCTRINE WAS RESPECTED - Vss. 31-32

 

Jesus did the same thing in Capernaum that he did in Nazareth.

He taught them. He taught them with authority, something rabbis of that day didn't do. They just quoted other rabbis! Jesus also taught them with power! There was conviction and strength in His words. 

 

Why was that? Yes, He was the Son of God, but also remember that the Spirit of God had descended on Him at His baptism and that according to vs.14, "he returned in the power of the Spirit into Galilee. "

 

Now, what was the difference between Nazareth and Capernaum?

Luke tells us about one Sabbath Day and Sabbath Days in Capernaum. There was one Sabbath in Nazareth, several in Capernaum.  What was the difference?  On one Sabbath Day in Nazareth the people rejected Him and His word.  Capernaum was evidently receptive to His teaching. That's why He stayed longer!

 

How receptive are you to the Word of God?

Do you listen with interest?

Do you listen with enthusiasm?

Do you pay attention?

Do you care?

Sometimes people get nothing out of God's Word because they are not receptive to God's Word.

 

SATAN WAS RELEASED - Vss. 33-37

The people were receptive and the devil was released.

In this situation the devil, through one of his demons, had a man bound.

Of course, the devil is no match for the Son of God!

Oh that we would realize this! The Lord Jesus came to give us victory over sin and to release the power of Satan from our lives! Romans 6:10-14

 

SICKNESS WAS REMOVED - Vss. 38-41

Jesus healed Peter's Mother-in-law.

 

There was a great victory! Notice out of gratitude she got up and served.

Does Jesus heal disease today? He does, according to His perfect will.

But more importantly He heals the diseases of the heart.

Only the one who is receptive to Jesus will experience His healing touch of the heart.

 

Capernaum was a responsive town for a while.

Unfortunately Capernaum eventually showed its unbelief. Matthew 11:23

 

WHERE DO YOU LIVE?

 

 

***************************************************************************Luke 4:16-30

RESISTANCE AT HOME

 

FULFILLED PROPHECY - Vss. 16-21

 

FAITHLESS PEOPLE - Vss. 22-24

 

FERVENT PROTEST - Vss. 25-30

 

 

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Luke 4:16-30

AT HOME

 

PATTERN AT HOME – He went to Synagogue – Vs. 16

PRESENTATION AT HOME – He read Scriptures pertaining to Himself – Vss. 17-20

PROCLAMATION AT HOME – He preached to the people who knew Him – Vss. 21-27

PERSECUTION AT HOME – They tried to kill Him – Vss. 28-30

 

 

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Luke 4:16-30

RETURN TO THE HOMETOWN

 

Most of us have problems thinking of children we've know for years as grown up.  I can still remember many years ago when friends of my parents were surprised that I drank coffee!  They probably still thought of me as little "Jackie" Peters.

 

You can imagine the surprise of the local folks in Nazareth when the "boy" they watched grow up now presented himself as a religious teacher and as the Messiah.  When Jesus came back for a visit to his hometown we find:

 

JESUS' CUSTOM - TO ATTEND CHURCH - Vs. 16

Jesus, of course, went to the synagogue. But where there was worship for God and learning of His Word, the Lord Jesus was there.  If the Son of God found it important to attend services, shouldn't we?

 

JESUS' COMMUNICATION - THE WORD OF GOD - Vss. 17-19

Jesus used the word of God to communicate a message from God.

May we remember that the most important thing we can do is to communicate the Word of God to others.

 

JESUS' COMMENTARY - THE WORD HAS BEEN FULFILLED - Vss. 20-27

Jesus had quoted from Isaiah 61:1-2a. It is interesting that he stopped reading in mid-sentence. The first part of Isaiah's prophecy was fulfilled at his first coming. The rest will be fulfilled at His Second Coming.

 

JESUS' CONFLICT - THE PEOPLE DIDN'T LIKE WHAT HE SAID - Vss. 28-30

Very often we will run into the same problem. However, people not liking the truth is not a reason for silence.

 

 

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Luke 4:16-30

THE VISIT

 

Jesus visits His hometown of Nazareth.

 

THE SCRIPTURE THAT HE READ – Vss. 16-19

THE ANNOUNCEMENT THAT HE MADE – Vss. 20-22

THE DEFENSE THAT HE PRESENTED – Vss. 23-27

THE ANGER THAT HE CAUSED – Vss. 28-30

 

 

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Luke 4:31-39

THE AUTHORITY OF JESUS

 

As the Son of God, we see that Jesus has authority.

 

AUTHORITY OVER DOCTRINE - Vss. 31-32

AUTHORITY OVER DEMONS - Vss. 33-37

AUTHORITY OVER DISEASE - Vss. 38-39

 

 

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Luke 4:31-41

VICTORY IN JESUS!

 

The following found their victory in Christ:

 

A DISTURBED MAN - Vss. 31-37

 

A DISEASED WOMAN - Vss. 38-39

 

A DESTITUTE CROWD - Vss. 40-41

 

 

 

 

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