1 Samuel – Selected Passages

David: A Man’s Man, God’s Man - Lesson #4

A Complete Lesson


·       When is it most difficult to accept the leadership of a political figure like a president, governor, or mayor?

·       When is it most difficult to accept the leadership of a boss, foreman, or teacher?

·       When it is it most difficult to accept the leadership of a pastor, elder, deacon or parent?


·       "Long live the king!" - a common and familiar blessing for a ruling monarch.

     "Long live the king!" - words wishing someone in   

     authority a long and happy reign.

     "Long live the king!" - easy words to say when the    

     king is good, and loving, and kind!

·       "Long live the king!" - But what if the king is a tyrant? What if the king has a personal hatred for me? What if the king seems to have a personal vendetta against me? I might start to question and say, "Long live the king?"

·       David was in that position.  He had killed a giant, done the king’s bidding, behaved himself wisely, became the king’s son in-law, and still gained the disfavor of the king, persecuted in several ways.

·       You and I will sometimes find ourselves in that position with someone who is in authority over us. No matter how much good we do we are belittled or persecuted.

·       David teaches us how to handle ourselves when we are in a position that makes us want to say, “Long live the king?”




·       1 Samuel 18:5-9 – Why was Saul paranoid about David?

·       Why do leaders get paranoid about those under them?

·       1 Samuel 18:10-12 and 1 Samuel 19:8-11 – David was suddenly attacked.  What are some of the ways leaders start throwing “javelins”?

·       David dodged, ducked and darted when he had to. He regrouped.  How can we regroup when we receive unfair attacks?

·       What part should prayer have when we are unfairly attacked?


Matthew 5:44-45 - But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you; [45] That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he maketh his sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.


·       1 Samuel 20:1 – What lessons does David teach us about unfair attacks from leaders?


·       1 Samuel 20 – Although David regrouped as much as he could, it soon became evident that in this case a different solution was needed.  He needed to retreat or lose his life.

·       When will we know that it is time to run from a situation?

·       Why should running be a last resort and not a first defense?

·       1 Samuel 21:1 – David left by himself.  What does that teach us about leaving a situation?


·       Who would have won a “one on one” fight between David and Saul?  Why did such a fight never happen?

·       1 Samuel 24 tells of a time when David could have retaliated?  What brief blessing did David receive in verses 18-22?

·       Again in 1 Samuel 26 David had an opportunity to retaliate.  What do verses 7-11 teach us about the advice of our friends?

·       What are some common ways that we might retaliate against those who have hurt us?

·       Comment on the verses below.


Romans 12:19-21 - Dearly beloved, avenge not yourselves, but rather give place unto wrath: for it is written, Vengeance is mine; I will repay, saith the Lord. [20] Therefore if thine enemy hunger, feed him; if he thirst, give him drink: for in so doing thou shalt heap coals of fire on his head. [21] Be not overcome of evil, but overcome evil with good.

·       In what ways is Jesus a good role model for us when we are attacked by superiors?



·       David had already been anointed king.  Why did he wait to establish his kingdom until after the death of Saul?

·       Comment on these verses:


Psalm 75:6-7 - For promotion cometh neither from the east, nor from the west, nor from the south. [7] But God is the judge: he putteth down one, and setteth up another.


·       Even when David briefly joined the enemy forces in

     1 Samuel 27 and 29 he did nothing to harm Saul.

·       In what ways can we remain loyal to someone in authority even if we have to run from their administration?



·       Saul’s death is recorded in 1 Samuel 30.

·       According to 2 Samuel 1:11-27, how do we tell that David forgave Saul?

·       What happens when people fail to forgive others?


Hebrews 12:15 - Looking diligently lest any man fail of the grace of God; lest any root of bitterness springing up trouble you, and thereby many be defiled;

·       Who is to be our role model for forgiving others? Why?


Ephesians 4:31-32 - Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice: [32] And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you.


·       In retrospect, what helped David behave so well under duress?

·       What will help us behave well under duress?