Hebrews 1

5 Outlines

 

Hebrews 1

COMMUNICATION FROM GOD

 

God wants you and I to hear from Him. In this text we see God giving the greatest communication of all, the message of His wonderful Son, The Lord Jesus Christ.

 

GOD HAS SPOKEN THROUGH HIS SON Vss. 1-3

CHRIST IS SUPERIOR TO THE ANGELS Vss. 4-13

ANGELS ARE SERVANTS OF GOD FOR THE SAINTS Vss. 7,14

 

 

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Hebrews 1:1-3

SOMETHING BETTER

 

We are constantly looking and striving for something better.

·        A better job

·        A better home

·        A better grade

·        A better behavior from our children

·        A better relationship with our spouses, children, family and friends

·        A better sound system, computer, or car

 

There are times when it would do us well to be content with what we have. 1 Timothy 6:6, Hebrews 13:5

 

There are other times however, when it is good to seek something better. Philippians 3:13-14

 

I should be striving for a better knowledge of God, a better understanding of God’s Word, a closer walk with God, and better fruitfulness in the service of God.   

   

The Book of Hebrews is a book that is constantly showing us something better. The Word better is used thirteen times in this book.  It is a book written to Jewish Christians who were tempted to bail out on Christianity and go back to Judaism. In this book we find lessons that show us that because Jesus Christ is better, there is a better way for us to live now. 

 

You might even be like the Hebrews to whom this letter was written.  You may be considering bailing out on your traditional faith and going back to something you once knew, or leaving your traditional faith for something more modern or trendy. You shouldn’t do this, because Christ is better and the true Christian life is better than anything anyone else can offer.  The Book of Hebrews shows us this.

 

According to these first three verses:

WE HAVE A BETTER MESSAGE

WE HAVE A BETTER MESSENGER

 

Because we have a better messenger and a better message, we have a better life and a better hope.

 

WE HAVE A BETTER MESSAGE

 

Since the first word of Scripture was written down there has always been a good message.

We had a good message because God has spoken!

God spoke in the Old Testament. Hebrews 1:1

 

God did not speak his message all at once in the Old Testament.  His message came over the course of hundreds of years through 39 Old Testament books.  From time to time he spoke.   

Also God’s message came in various ways.

 

As good as the Old Testament is there is a problem.

It is an incomplete message.

God had more to say to us.

The Old Testament speaks of promises which were yet to be fulfilled.

That’s why there is a New Testament besides the Old Testament.

 

God spoke in past times to the “fathers”, the Jewish ancestors. Today He has spoken to us through His Son. We now have a completed message with the addition of the New Testament.

 

We now have the “Good News” of Christ in the Gospels.

We now have the theology of Christ in the Epistles.

And we have a description of Christ’s culmination of all things in the future in the Book of Revelation.

 

We now we have a completed Scriptures. Revelation 22:18-19

 

WE HAVE A BETTER MESSENGER

 

Hebrews 1:1 - God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,

 

In the Old Testament, God spoke through good men, His servants, the prophets.  Men like Moses, Ezra, David, Isaiah, Jeremiah and Daniel received messages from God and wrote them down.  

2 Peter 1:21

 

These were good, godly men who under the direction of the Holy Spirit wrote.  And in the New Testament, good and godly men also wrote down the Word of God under the direction of the Holy Spirit.

 

What is the difference? 

Hebrews 1:2 – God has in these last days spoken unto us by his Son,

God sent a special envoy from Heaven to speak to us.  This is who the New Testament writers speak of.  This special envoy is the better messenger that the Old Testament did not have.

 

HE IS A BETTER MESSENGER BECAUSE OF HIS PERSON

 

Who is Jesus Christ?  He is the eternal Son of God. Mark 1:1, John 1:1-2

Jesus Christ is God in the flesh.

 

When God chose to save a sinful, rebellious world…

When God chose to communicate what He is like…

When God chose to show us Himself…

He sent His Son!

 

One of the great prophecies of Christmas is Isaiah 9:6.

In this verse God shows us just how great the person is whom He sent to us. Isaiah 9:6

 

HE IS A BETTER MESSENGER BECAUSE OF HIS PERFORMANCE

 

The Lord Jesus has done more than any prophet or any other person.

In Hebrews 11:2 we are told that it is by the Lord Jesus that God made the worlds. I owe my existence to the Son of God.

It says here that He created the worlds and the word here means “the ages”.

 

That is quite a performance, but there is more!

Hebrews 11:3 tells us that He is upholding all things by the word of His power.

Colossians 1:17 - And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.

You and I can count on order in the natural world around us simply because Lord Jesus holds it together! 

 

Creating everything and holding them together are certainly great performances.  But there is one more thing that He did that is absolutely amazing.  Hebrews 11:3 tells us that He has by Himself purged our sins.

 

Our sins are dirty. Isaiah 64:6

 

Our sins are dirty, so Jesus purged or purified them. He washed them.  And He did it by Himself. 

He is the only one that would ever qualify to wash away our sins because he is the only one that was sinless Himself.   

 

2 Corinthians 5:21 - For he hath made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.

 

1 Peter 1:18-19 - Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; [19] But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot:

 

So Jesus died to purge our sins, to wash us clean.  So how do we take that bath?  How do we make sure that His blood has washed our sins away?

   

 How do we apply His blood to our account?  

   

Ephesians 2:8-9 - For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: [9] Not of works, lest any man should boast.

 

By faith tell Jesus that you are apply His blood to your account if you haven’t already. Trust Him as your Savior.   

 

HE IS A BETTER MESSENGER BECAUSE OF HIS POSITION

 

Look at Vs. 2 – God has appointed Jesus “heir of all things”.

 

God has appointed Jesus as his Heir. Not that God is going to die, but that God has appointed that all that is rightfully His belongs to Christ, His Son.

 

Being heir will include on day inheriting the nations of the earth to rule over them. See Psalm 2.

Being heir will mean that every single person that ever lived will bow the knee to the Son of God. See Philippians 2:9-11

Being heir will include living and reigning with God for all eternity in the new Heaven and new earth. 

See 1 Corinthians 15:25-28

Being heir will include us as being joint-heirs with Christ. See Romans 8:16-17

 

As heir where is Jesus? 

Hebrews 1:3 tells us that He …sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;

 

Right now Jesus sits in a place of honor, authority, and power.  He is just waiting until the Father says that it is time to act.  Then He will return. Psalm 110:1

 

So there should be no doubt in your mind.

WE HAVE A BETTER MESSAGE

WE HAVE A BETTER MESSENGER

 

HE IS A BETTER MESSENGER BECAUSE OF HIS PERSON

HE IS A BETTER MESSENGER BECAUSE OF HIS PERFORMANCE

HE IS A BETTER MESSENGER BECAUSE OF HIS POSITION

 

 

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Hebrews 1:1-4

GOD'S FINAL WORD

 

God's last or final Word to man is the Lord Jesus Christ.

 

JESUS IS HEIR OF ALL THINGS - "... whom he hath appointed heir of all things..."

 

JESUS IS CREATOR OF THE WORLD -  "... by whom also he made the worlds;"

 

JESUS IS GOD HIMSELF - " Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person..."

 

JESUS IS UPHOLDER OF ALL THINGS - "and upholding all things by the word of his power..."

 

JESUS IS THE PURGER OF OUR SINS - "... when he had by himself purged our sins..."

 

JESUS IS SEATED AT THE RIGHT HAND OF GOD - "...sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;"

 

JESUS IS BETTER THAN THE ANGELS - "Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they."

 

 

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Hebrews 1:4-14

BE THANKFUL

 

Our text for this morning Hebrews 1:4-14 is not what you would normally think of as a “Thanksgiving Text”.  It is actually a comparison of Jesus with the angels and showing that Jesus is actually better than the angels.

 

Of course the principle subject of the Book of Hebrews is the Lord Jesus Christ Himself.  And if there is anyone we should be thankful for at Thanksgiving or any other time of the year it is the Lord Jesus.  As I examined Hebrews 1:4-14 I found at lead 5 reasons that we should be thankful for the Lord Jesus. WE SHOULD BE:

 

THANKFUL FOR HIS SONSHIP – Vss. 4-7

THANKFUL FOR HIS SCEPTER – Vss. 8-9

THANKFUL FOR HIS STROKE – Vs. 10

THANKFUL FOR HIS STABILITY – Vss. 11-12

THANKFUL FOR HIS SUPERIORITY – Vss. 13-14

 

BE THANKFUL FOR HIS SONSHIP – Vss. 4-7

 

Like many people in America today, many Jews had this thing about angels.  They liked to think about angels.  They respected angels.  They thought that angels could get them closer to God.

 

Angels are indeed special.

They are Spirit beings. Psalm 104:4

 

They are often God’s messengers.  Throughout the Old Testament and even into the New Testament, angels delivered messages from God.   

 

The angels, in some special way, were involved with the giving of the law. Acts 7:52-53

 

In spite of how special angels may be, the Lord Jesus is better than they are.   

Hebrews 1:4 - Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

 

Names in the Bible were more important than they are today.  Often names reflected a person’s character.   

 

When Jesus had purged our sins, that is died on the cross, was buried and rose again, he went back to Heaven and sat down on “the right hand of the majesty on high.” No angel ever sat at God’s right hand.  That position was reserved for the One who God called “Son”.

 

Hebrews 1:5 - For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?

 

This portion of Hebrews contains many quotes from the Old Testament.  Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee is a quote from Psalm 2:7.

 

Jesus has always been God, the Son.

But there was a time of special declaration that Jesus is God the Son.  That took place at the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. Acts 13:33, Romans 1:3-4

 

The second quote in Hebrews 1:5, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son, is a quote from 2 Samuel 7:14. This quote, though it partially refers to Solomon, looks ahead to David’s Greater Son or descendent, the Lord Jesus Christ.  There is a tremendous father/son relationship within the Trinity.

 

Hebrews 1:6 - And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.

 

Jesus is called “the firstbegotten” or “first born”.

 

According to Warren Wiersbe “The title is one of rank and honor, for the firstborn receives the inheritance and the special blessing. Christ is the “Fristborn of all creation (Col. 1:15 NASB) because He created all things; and He is the highest of all who came back from the dead (Col. 1:18).”   

Warren W. Wiersbe, The Bible Exposition Commentary, Volume 2, (Victor Books, A division of Scripture Press, Wheaton, Ill., 1989) p. 281

 

When Jesus came into the world, the angels worshipped Him, showing His superiority.

 

Now you may be asking, “So Jesus is the Son of God, why should I be so thankful?”

 

You should be thankful if you know Jesus as your Savior, if you’ve been born again.  This means that as the Son Jesus sits at the right hand of God.  As the Son Jesus has special access to the Father.

 

Be thankful because the Lord Jesus is at the right hand of God interceding for you! Hebrews 4:14-16, Hebrews 7:24-25, 1 John 2:1-2

 

BE THANKFUL FOR HIS SCEPTER – Vss. 8-9

   

Hebrews 1:8 - But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom. (A quote of Psalm 45:6)

 

What is a scepter?  A scepter is a staff held by a ruler.  It is an emblem of authority.

Our Lord Jesus has an emblem of authority. His scepter is a scepter of righteousness. He rules and will rule in righteousness. Isaiah 11:1-5 

 

Be thankful! There is coming a day when nobody will be able to legitimately say that there is any unrighteousness anywhere.  And what’s neat about this is that we, as Christians, are going reign with Christ in His kingdom!

 

Hebrews 1:9 - Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows. (Ps. 45:7)

 

We are again reminded of Christ’s superiority because of His love for righteousness and hatred of iniquity.   

 

If we know Jesus as Savior, we should love righteousness and hate iniquity also!  We carry His name as Christians and should act accordingly. 1 John 2:6

 

BE THANKFUL FOR HIS STROKE – Vs. 10

  

Hebrews 1:10 - And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:  (A quote of Psalm 102:25)

 

Why does the universe exist?

Why does the world exist?

Why do we have beautiful scenery?

Why do the wonders of nature exist?

Why do you exist?

 

IT IS BECAUSE OF THE STROKE OF HAND!   

 

BE THANKFUL FOR HIS STABILITY – Vss. 11-12

 

Vs.  8 - But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: 

 

The Lord’s reign is forever and ever. That’s stability!

Governments are not always stable.

Economies and jobs are not always stable.

Marriages and other relationships are not always stable.

Our minds are not always stable.

But Jesus is always stable.

He has always existed and he always will.

 

Hebrews 1:10-12 - And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands: [11] They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment; [12] And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail. (A quote of Psalm 102:25-27)

 

Why this world is not even stable.

There is coming a day when this old world will be taken off and discarded like an old garment.

It shall be replaced with something new. 2 Peter 3:10, Revelation 21:1-2

 

Through this Christ will continue to exist but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.

   

Hebrews 13:8 - Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.

 

Now why should you and I be thankful for this stability of our Lord?

What has He promised to those that believe on Him for forgiveness and salvation?

He has promised eternal life! John 10:27-28

 

Jesus would not be able to give us eternal life unless He himself is eternal.  He will never die. He is stable! Be thankful!   

   

BE THANKFUL FOR HIS SUPERIORITY – Vss. 13-14

 

Hebrews 1:13 - But to which of the angels said he at any times, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool? See Psalm 110:1

 

Jesus is superior to the angels.

Jesus is waiting for His enemies to be made His footstool and He will reign for all eternity.   

   

The angels, however, are not waiting to reign.

The angels, are serving now and will serve in the future.

In fact, we are and will be served by angels.

 

I can think of three ways angels serve.

 

1. ANGELS PRONOUNCE

 

It was an angel that told Zeharias that his wife would have a baby, John the Baptist.

It was an angel that told Mary she’d be the Mother of Jesus.

It was an angel that announced the birth of Jesus to the shepherds.

 

2. ANGELS PROTECT

 

One day the city that Elisha the Prophet was residing in was besieged by an enemy army.  Elisha’s servant was scared. 2 Kings 6:15-17

 

3. ANGELS PROVIDE

   

One day the prophet Elijah, after fighting a great battle for the Lord was threatened by Queen Jezebel.  He panicked and ran.  I personally think that he was worn out from praying down fire from Heaven, praying for rain and outrunning King Ahab’s chariot. Jezebel caught Elijah with a threat at a weak moment. He ran.  An angel provided for him.  1 Kings 19:4-6

 

Be thankful.

Angels are servants.

God will use them to pronounce, protect and provide.

But there is better news than this.

Be thankful because Jesus is superior to the angels.

It is Jesus who sits at the right hand of God.

It is Jesus who is to be thanked and worshipped.

If it weren’t for Jesus, the angels wouldn’t even exist!   

 

 

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Hebrews 1:4-2:4

THE SUPERIOR SON

 

CONCERNING THE SON

His Name - 1:4-5, Psalm 2:7, 2 Samuel 7:14

His Position - 1:6

His Righteous Reign 1:8-9, Psalm 45:6-7

His Joy - 1:9

His Creative Acts - 1:10, Psalm 102:25-27

His Permanence - 1:11-12

 

CONCERNING HIS SERVANTS (THE ANGELS)

Their Song (worship) 1:6, Psalm 97:7

Their Service

 To Chrirst - 1:7

 For Saints - 1:14

Their Subordination - 1:13, Psalm 110:1

 

CONCERNING SAINTS AND SINNERS

Conduct - 2:1 - Saints and Sinners alike are to "take heed".

Caution - 2:2-3 - Saints and Sinners alike are not to "neglect so great salvation".

Confirmation - 2:3-4 - The message to Saints and Sinners was confirmed by signs, wonders, and miracles.

 

 

 

 

 

 

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