Acts 2:1-13

The Model Church, Lesson 3


We begin to look not only at the birthday of the local church in Jerusalem, but at the birthday of the universal church.  The key event is the baptism and subsequent indwelling of the Holy Spirit.



The day of this event was a Jewish holy day called Pentecost.

The feasts of the Old Testament are pictures of the work of Christ.


Passover was a picture of his death.

The feast of Firstfruits, held the day after the first Sabbath after Passover, was a picture of   Resurrection!


At Pentecost the Jews celebrated the giving of the law.

At Pentecost the church was given the Holy Spirit.

Pentecost took place 50 days after the feast of first fruits.

That is, 7 weeks and one day.

If the feast of first fruits was always on a Sunday, and it was, then the Day of Pentecost was also always on a Sunday.


At Pentecost two loaves of bread were offered.

Why two loaves?


The church is made up of two groups, Jews and Gentiles.  Each had an experience of being baptized with the Holy Spirit. 

·        The Jews on the Day of Pentecost 

·        The Gentiles at the House of Cornelius in Acts 10


The day was Pentecost, and the disciples were being obedient.

They were waiting in Jerusalem, perhaps in the Upper Room, or some other room of a house.  There is a possibility it was at the temple. It was probably at least a place close to the temple.


They were in one accord and in one place.

This early church was unified around the Lord Jesus Christ.




John 14:16-17 - And I will pray the Father, and he shall give you another Comforter, that he may abide with you for ever; Even the Spirit of truth; whom the world cannot receive, because it seeth him not, neither knoweth him: but ye know him; for he dwelleth with you, and shall be in you.


When God sent the Holy Spirit to indwell the church, he sent signs.

There was a display so that the disciples would know that the promise of the Spirit had come.


Vs. 2 - There wasn't a wind.

           There was the sound of a mighty rushing wind.

           I wonder if it sounded like a hurricane.

The word "spirit" is the same as "wind" in both Hebrew and Greek.


John 3:8 - The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the sound thereof, but canst not tell whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: so is every one that is born of the Spirit.


·        We can hear wind.

·        We can feel wind.

·        We can see the results of the wind. But we don't see the wind, and we can't control the wind.

·        We can hear the Spirit, as He speaks to us.

·        We can feel the Spirit.

·        We can see the results of the Spirit's work. But we don't see the Spirit, and we can't control the Spirit. He’s God.


Vs. 3 - The next sign was that of fire.


·        Fire burns away that which is useless.

·        Fire purifies.

·        Fire warms.

·        Fire is powerful.

·        Fire can usually be seen.


The Holy Spirit burns away that which is useless.

The Holy Spirit purifies us.

The Holy Spirit warms us.

The Holy Spirit is powerful.


Fire can be seen. Perhaps the fire was symbolic of the witness that the believers would have through the Holy Spirit.




This verse tells us what happened to the disciples. Here are the details.

It does not say that they were baptized, but obviously they were.

This was the promise of John, that Jesus would baptize them. Mark 1:8 – “I indeed have baptized you with water, but he shall baptize you with the Holy Ghost.”


Jesus had also promised it.

Acts 1:5 - For John truly baptized with water; but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence.


1 Corinthians 12:13 - For by one Spirit are we all baptized into one body, whether we be Jews or Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; and have been all made to drink into one Spirit.


They were all filled with the Holy Spirit. There was no exception.


We are all to be filled with the Holy Spirit today. There is one Baptism but many fillings.


Ephesians 5:18 - And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit;


They began to speak with other tongues, languages.

It was as the Spirit gave utterance.

Speaking in tongues, was totally under the control of the Spirit of God.

As we'll see in coming weeks, it was a sign to the Jews.


There are three mentions of tongues in Acts.

·        The Jewish church was baptized with the Spirit and received it.


·        The Gentiles believed and received it. Acts 10:44-47


·        The disciples of John were baptized and received it. Acts 19:1-7


Spirit filling yields some specific results:


Ephesians 5:18-21 - And be not drunk with wine, wherein is excess; but be filled with the Spirit; Speaking to yourselves in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs, singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord; Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ; Submitting yourselves one to another in the fear of God.


Galatians 5:22-23 - But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, Meekness, temperance: against such there is no law.


There is a command to be filled with the Spirit.

How do we go about being filled?


1. Die

Romans 6:11 - Likewise reckon ye also yourselves to be dead indeed unto sin, but alive unto God through Jesus Christ our Lord.


Galatians 2:20 - I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.


Galatians 5:24 - And they that are Christ's have crucified the flesh with the affections and lusts.


2. Confess – For the Spirit to fill us, we need to be clean.

1 John 1:9 - If we confess our sins, he is faithful and just to forgive us our sins, and to cleanse us from all unrighteousness.


2. Ask   

Romans 8:3-4 - For what the law could not do, in that it was weak through the flesh, God sending his own Son in the likeness of sinful flesh, and for sin, condemned sin in the flesh: [4] That the righteousness of the law might be fulfilled in us, who walk not after the flesh, but after the Spirit.


Galatians 5:25 - If we live in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.


Luke 11:13 - If ye then, being evil, know how to give good gifts unto your children: how much more shall your heavenly Father give the Holy Spirit to them that ask him?




Vs. 5 - There were various groups of devout people in Jerusalem, many of whom were probably there because of the feast.


Vs. 6 - When they heard the sound of the mighty rushing wind, they came to investigate. Every man heard him in his own language. Tongues were known languages.


The listeners understood the speakers.




It was obvious that Galileans were speaking. They were generally considered unlearned.

People wondered what was going on.

Others doubted and mocked accusing them of being drunk.


THE DAY - Vs. 1